Washington State University

Cecilia D. Richards - Professor

The School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Cecilia D. Richards - Professor

Interdisciplinary Excellence Built On World-Class Knowledge

portrait
Cecilia D. Richards

Contact Information:

office EE/ME 153
telephone 509 335 7753
e-mail cill@mme.wsu.edu
Postal mail Cecilia D. Richards
School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Washington State University
PO BOX 642920
Pullman, WA 99164-2920

Joined MME in 1992;
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from University of California at Irvine in 1990

Research Interests:

  • MEMS power
  • Advanced energy systems
  • Spray combustion
  • Two-phase flows
  • Air breathing engines

National & International Recognition:

  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2014)
  • National Science Foundation Young Investigator (1994)

Recent Publications:

  • B. S. Preetham, M. Anderson, C. Richards, “Mathematical Modeling of a Four Stroke Resonant Engine for Micro and Mesoscale Applications”, J of Appl Phys, 116(2), 214904, 2014.
  • B. S. Preetham, M. Anderson, C. Richards, “Estimation of Parasitic Losses in a Proposed Mesoscale Resonant Engine: Experiment and Model”, J of Appl Phys, 115(1), 05940, 2014.
  • H. Lee, C.D. Richards, R.F. Richards, "Experimental and Numerical Study of Microchannel Heater/Evaporators for Thermal Phase-Change Actuators", Sensors and Actuators A, DOI 10.1016/j.sna.2013.02.004, 2013.
  • H. Bardaweel, M. Anderson, R. Richards, C. Richards, “Characterization of the Thermodynamic Cycle of a MEMS-based External Combustion Resonant Engine”, Microsyst Tech, Vol 18, 693, 2012.
  • A Hamdan, F Sahli, R Richards and C Richards, “Characterization of a Dielectric Microdroplet Thermal Interface Material with Dispersed Nanoparticles”, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 14, 1111, 2012.

Publications listed at Google Scholar:

First 100 Titles in date order:
List format:
 Title (Link to document)
 Authors
 Source Publication
Cited by Year
Mathematical modeling of a four-stroke resonant engine for micro and mesoscale applications
BS Preetham, M Anderson, C Richards
Journal of Applied Physics 116 (21), 214904 , 2014
  2014
Estimation of parasitic losses in a proposed mesoscale resonant engine: Experiment and model
BS Preetham, M Anderson, C Richards
Journal of Applied Physics 115 (5), 054904 , 2014
1 2014
A remote access laboratory for fluids education in mechanical engineering
G Ellis, R Richards, C Richards
iCEER, Hamilton, Quebec , 2014
  2014
Experimental and numerical study of microchannel heater/evaporators for thermal phase-change actuators
HK Lee, CD Richards, RF Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 195, 7-20 , 2013
1 2013
4000-FRACTURE OF PIEZOELECTRIC MEMS STRUCTURES
DF Bahr, AL Olson, MS Kennedy, KR Morasch, CD Richards, RF Richards
ICF11, Italy 2005 , 2013
  2013
Modeling of a resonant heat engine
BS Preetham, M Anderson, C Richards
Journal of Applied Physics 112 (12), 124903 , 2012
4 2012
Characterization of a dielectric microdroplet thermal interface material with dispersed nanoparticles
A Hamdan, F Sahli, R Richards, C Richards
Journal of Nanoparticle Research 14 (9), 1-8 , 2012
2 2012
Characterization of the thermodynamic cycle of a MEMS-based external combustion resonant engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Microsystem technologies 18 (6), 693-701 , 2012
1 2012
Nonlinear springs for bandwidth-tolerant vibration energy harvesting
SD Nguyen, E Halvorsen
Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of 20 (6), 1225-1227 , 2011
46 2011
Characterization of a liquid–metal microdroplet thermal interface material
A Hamdan, A McLanahan, R Richards, C Richards
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 35 (7), 1250-1254 , 2011
12 2011
A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuation
AR McLanahan, CD Richards, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 21 (10), 104009 , 2011
9 2011
MEMS-based resonant heat engine: scaling analysis
H Bardaweel, BS Preetham, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Microsystem technologies 17 (8), 1251-1261 , 2011
5 2011
Cyclic operation of a MEMS-based resonant micro heat engine: experiment and model
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Journal of applied physics 107 (10), 104901 , 2010
12 2010
Evaluation of a thermal interface material fabricated using thermocompression bonding of carbon nanotube turf
A Hamdan, J Cho, R Johnson, J Jiao, D Bahr, R Richards, C Richards
Nanotechnology 21 (1), 015702 , 2010
29 2010
AC 2010-213: DEVELOPING MICROFABRICATION CAPABILITIES ACROSS THE AMERICAS: A CASE STUDY
MJ Yanez, E Gramsch, R Santander, C Richards, R Richards
age 15, 1 , 2010
  2010
Developing Microfabrication Capabilities across the Americas: A Chilean- US Case Study
MJ Yanez, E Gramsch, R Santander, C Richards, R Richards
American Society for Engineering Education , 2010
  2010
Development of Scaling Model for A MEMS-Based Micro Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, BS Preetham, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 137-142 , 2010
  2010
A Resonant Air-Standard Heat Engine
C Richards, R Richards, H Bardaweel, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 1009 ... , 2010
1 2010
On The Thermodynamic Cycle of A MEMS-Based External Combustion Resonant Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 993-998 , 2010
  2010
Demonstration of an external combustion micro-heat engine
JH Cho, CS Lin, CD Richards, RF Richards, J Ahn, PD Ronney
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 32 (2), 3099-3105 , 2009
32 2009
Characterization and modeling of the dynamic behavior of a liquid–vapor phase change actuator
HK Bardaweel, MJ Anderson, LW Weiss, RF Richards, CD Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: physical 149 (2), 284-291 , 2009
12 2009
Thermocompression bonding of vertically aligned carbon nanotube turfs to metalized substrates
RD Johnson, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, D McClain, J Green, ...
Nanotechnology 20 (6), 065703 , 2009
34 2009
Resonant Versus Sub-Resonant Operation of a MEMS Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 335-339 , 2009
  2009
Thermodynamic characterization and scaling of a MEMS heat engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, M Anderson, C Richards
Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology ... , 2009
1 2009
Evaluation of contacts for a MEMS thermal switch
J Cho, C Richards, D Bahr, J Jiao, R Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 18 (10), 105012 , 2008
30 2008
Optimization of the dynamic and thermal performance of a resonant micro heat engine
HK Bardaweel, MJ Anderson, RF Richards, CD Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 18 (10), 104014 , 2008
11 2008
Thermal switch, methods of use and manufacturing methods for same
RF Richards, DF Bahr, C Richards
US Patent 7,411,792 , 2008
19 2008
A facility for characterizing the steady-state and dynamic thermal performance of microelectromechanical system thermal switches
JH Cho, CD Richards, RF Richards
Review of Scientific Instruments 79 (3), 034901 , 2008
11 2008
Lumped Parameter Analysis of an Enclosed Incompressible Squeeze Film and a Central Gas Bubble
M Anderson, C Richards, R Richards, D Bahr
Journal of Fluids Engineering 130 (2), 021303 , 2008
1 2008
Characterization of Piezoelectric Materials for Thermoacoustic Power Transduction
A Wekin, C Richards, K Matveev, M Anderson
ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 375-379 , 2008
1 2008
Characterization of a Resonant MEMS Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 381-386 , 2008
  2008
Design and development of metal–polymer film systems for flexible electrodes used in cortical mapping
JD Yeager, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, DM Rector
Medical Device Materials IV: Proceedings of the Materials & Processes for ... , 2008
1 2008
Small-scale thermoacoustic engine demonstrator
KI Matveev, N Shafiei-Tehrany, CD Richards
Proceedings of Power MEMS, 373–376 , 2008
3 2008
Dynamic Characterization of a Micro Heat Engine
HK Bardaweel
Washington State University , 2007
  2007
Molecular dynamic simulation of heat pulse propagation in multiwall carbon nanotubes
T Kim, MA Osman, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richard
Physical Review B 76 (15), 155424 , 2007
13 2007
Power production by a dynamic micro heat engine with an integrated thermal switch
JH Cho, LW Weiss, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 17 (9), S217 , 2007
43 2007
Piezoelectric micro-transducers, methods of use and manufacturing methods for same
RF Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
US Patent 7,235,914 , 2007
29 * 2007
Experiment and simulation of mixed flows in a trapezoidal microchannel
K Horiuchi, P Dutta, CD Richards
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 3 (3), 347-358 , 2007
19 2007
Electrostatic shielding in patterned carbon nanotube field emission arrays
D McClain, J Wu, N Tavan, J Jiao, CM McCarter, RF Richards, ...
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111 (20), 7514-7520 , 2007
20 2007
Characterization and modeling of a microcapillary driven liquid–vapor phase-change membrane actuator
SA Whalen, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 134 (1), 201-212 , 2007
16 2007
Development of noncontact spring constant measurement and deflection characterization of piezoelectric devices
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Journal of applied physics 101 (4), 044104 , 2007
1 2007
Mechanical behavior of a carbon nanotube turf
SD Mesarovic, CM McCarter, DF Bahr, H Radhakrishnan, RF Richards, ...
Scripta materialia 56 (2), 157-160 , 2007
76 2007
Fabrication and characterization of a thermal switch
J Cho, T Wiser, C Richards, D Bahr, R Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 133 (1), 55-63 , 2007
37 2007
Mechanical-to-Electrical Energy Conversion of Thin-Film Piezoelectric Diaphragms
DJ Morris, MC Robinson, LW Weiss, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 973, 79 , 2007
  2007
Experimental and numerical study of evaporating flow heat transfer in micro-channel
HK Lee, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 447-454 , 2007
4 2007
Failure Pzt Thin Films in Mems
DF Bahr, DJ Morris, MC Robinson, AL Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards
Experimental Analysis of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures, 571-572 , 2007
  2007
Micromechanics of a carbon nanotube turf and numerical modeling of nanoindentation
H Radhakrishnan, SD Mesarovic, CM Mccarter, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Metalurgija 13 (4), 301-308 , 2007
4 2007
On the coupling between standing-wave thermoacoustic engine and piezoelectric transducer
KI Matveev, A Wekin, CD Richards, N Shafrei-Tehrany
ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 765-769 , 2007
22 2007
Mechanical compliance of photolithographically defined vertically aligned carbon nanotube turf
CM McCarter, RF Richards, SD Mesarovic, CD Richards, DF Bahr, ...
Journal of materials science 41 (23), 7872-7878 , 2006
67 2006
The effect of design and process parameters on electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane
O Al-Hattamleh, J Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of 15 (6), 1715-1725 , 2006
9 2006
Structural and electrical characterization of PZT on gold for micromachined piezoelectric membranes
MC Robinson, DJ Morris, PD Hayenga, JH Cho, CD Richards, ...
Applied Physics A 85 (2), 135-140 , 2006
16 2006
5E-5 Generated Power Characterization of Piezoelectrics with Electromechanical Coupling Coefficient and Quality Factor
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, MJ Anderson
Ultrasonics Symposium, 2006. IEEE, 485-488 , 2006
2 2006
Characterization of a dynamic micro heat engine with integrated thermal switch
LW Weiss, JH Cho, KE McNeil, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 16 (9), S262 , 2006
33 2006
Efficiency of energy conversion by piezoelectrics
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, MJ Anderson
Applied physics letters 89 (10), 4107 , 2006
40 2006
Electron Microscopy Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Electrical and Mechanical Test Structures
D McClain, J Jiao, C McCarter, D Bahr, C Richards, R Richards
Microscopy and Microanalysis 12 (S02), 680-681 , 2006
  2006
A MEMS fabricated flexible electrode array for recording surface field potentials
BA Hollenberg, CD Richards, R Richards, DF Bahr, DM Rector
Journal of neuroscience methods 153 (1), 147-153 , 2006
62 2006
The Heat Pulse Porpagations in Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
T Kim, M Osman, C Richards, R Richards, D Bahr
APS Northwest Section Meeting Abstracts 1, 1010 , 2006
  2006
Nonlinear vibrations of a pre-stressed laminated thin plate
OI Crabtree, SD Mesarovic, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
International journal of mechanical sciences 48 (4), 451-459 , 2006
7 2006
IMECE2006-15587 Experimental and Numerical Study of Evaporative Heat Transfer From Ten-Micron Microchannels
H Lee, TA Quy, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME-PUBLICATIONS-HTD 377 (2), 371 , 2006
  2006
Experimental and Numerical Study of Evaporative Heat Transfer From Ten-Micro Microchannels
H Lee, TA Quy, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 371-375 , 2006
2 2006
Dynamic Operation of a MEMS Thermal Switch
JH Cho, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards, J Jiao
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 655-660 , 2006
2 2006
Mechanical-to-Electrical Energy Conversion of Thin-Film Piezoelectric Diaphragms
DJ Morris, MC Robinson, LW Weiss, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MRS Proceedings 973, 0973-BB06-04 , 2006
  2006
A MEMS-Based Micro Heat Engine With Integrated Thermal Switch
LW Weiss, JH Cho, DJ Morris, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 25-29 , 2006
4 2006
A Comparison of piezoelectric materials for MEMS power generation
H Bardaweel, O Al Hattamleh, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Proceedings of the 6th international workshop on micro and nanotechnology ... , 2006
4 2006
Design and characterization of a MEMS thermal switch
JH Cho, CD Richards, J Jiao, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Proceedings of the solid-state sensors, actuators, and microsystems workshop , 2006
5 2006
Mechanical characterization and thermal modeling of a MEMS thermal switch
KR Crain
Washington State University , 2005
3 2005
Optimization of electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane: II. Experiment
J Cho, M Anderson, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 15 (10), 1804 , 2005
62 2005
Optimization of electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane: I. Modeling
J Cho, M Anderson, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 15 (10), 1797 , 2005
71 2005
A comparison of piezoelectric and electrostatic electromechanical coupling for ultrasonic transduction and power generation
MJ Anderson, JH Cho, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Ultrasonics Symposium, 2005 IEEE 2, 950-955 , 2005
3 2005
Synthesis and Microanalysis of Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays
D McClain, L Dong, C Pan, J Jiao, C McCarter, D Bahr, C Richards, ...
Microscopy and Microanalysis 11 (S02), 1920-1921 , 2005
4 2005
Characterization and modeling of a liquid-vapor phase change membrane actuator with an integrated SU-8 micro capillary wicking structure
SA Whalen, SY Won, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 2005. Digest of Technical ... , 2005
2 2005
Molecular dynamics of heat pulse propagation in single and multi wall nanotube
T Kim, M Osman, C Richards, D Bahr, R Richards
Bulletin of the American Physical Society , 2005
  2005
Characterization and modeling of a liquid-vapor phase change membrane actuator with integrated SU-8 micro capillary wicking structure.
R Richards, SY Won, S Whalen, C Richards, DF Bahr
Sandia National Laboratories , 2005
  2005
Characterization of an external combustion dynamic micro heat engine
LW Weiss, KE McNeil, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
PowerMEMS Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, 29-32 , 2005
1 2005
Fabrication Methods for Improved Electromechanical Behavior in Piezoelectric Membranes
MC Robinson, PD Hayenga, JH Cho, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MRS Proceedings 872, J18. 26 , 2005
  2005
Effect of Diameter on Electron Field Emission of Carbon Nanotube Bundles
D Bahr, M DeRoss, J Jiao, C McCarter, D McClain, S Mesarovic, ...
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 901, 251 , 2005
  2005
Fracture of piezoelectric MEMS structures
DF Bahr, AL Olson, MS Kennedy, KR Morasch, CD Richards, RF Richards
Proc. 11th International Conference on Fracture-ICF11, Turin, Italy , 2005
3 2005
Evaporative Heat Transfer from Ten-Micron Micro-Channels
TA Quy, DA Carpenter, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 707-710 , 2005
3 2005
Effect of diameter on electron field emission of carbon nanotube bundles
D McClain, M DeRoss, N Tavan, J Jiao, CM McCarter, RF Richards, ...
MRS Proceedings 901, 0901-Ra16-52-Rb16-52 , 2005
5 2005
Characterization of a liquid-vapor phase-change actuator
SA Whalen, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 751-761 , 2005
5 2005
Micro-Transducer and Thermal Switch for Same
R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
US Patent App. 10/579,145 , 2004
10 2004
High strain behavior of composite thin film piezoelectric membranes
I Demir, AL Olson, JL Skinner, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Microelectronic engineering 75 (1), 12-23 , 2004
24 2004
Efficiency of energy conversion for devices containing a piezoelectric component
CD Richards, MJ Anderson, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 14, 717 , 2004
183 2004
Optimization of film stresses utilized in composite piezoelectric membrane microgenerators
MS Kennedy, M Zosel, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr, KW Hipps, ...
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 795, 503-508 , 2004
6 2004
Development of a novel method for measuring the transverse piezoelectric coefficients of thin piezoelectric films
TM Sullivan
Washington State University. , 2004
3 2004
Numerical Modeling of a Nonlinear MEMS Membrane
OI Crabtree, SD Mesarovic, I Demir, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 243-250 , 2004
  2004
Efficiency Characterization of Piezoelectrics for Power
JH Cho, JC Raupp, PD Hayenga, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, ...
ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 17-22 , 2004
  2004
Analysis of micromachined PZT membranes for MEMS power
JH Cho, MJ Anderson, DF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Proceedings of Nanotech’04 1, 382-385 , 2004
2 2004
Spatially dependent mechanical properties of rat whiskers for tactile sensing
EK Herzog, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, DM Rector
MRS Proceedings 844, Y3. 6/R3. 6 , 2004
4 2004
Microstructural characterization and mechanical reliability of interfaces in piezoelectric based microelectromechanical systems
LMR Eakins, BW Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Thin Solid Films 441 (1), 180-186 , 2003
10 2003
Influence of structure and chemistry on piezoelectric properties of lead zirconate titanate in a microelectromechanical systems power generation application
LMR Eakins, BW Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Journal of materials research 18 (09), 2079-2086 , 2003
12 2003
Fabrication and characterization of a liquid-metal micro-droplet thermal switch
AO Christensen, JP Jacob, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
TRANSDUCERS, Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 12th ... , 2003
10 2003
Design, fabrication and testing of the P 3 micro heat engine
S Whalen, M Thompson, D Bahr, C Richards, R Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 104 (3), 290-298 , 2003
156 2003
Influence of structure and chemistry on piezoelectric properties of PZT in a MEMS power generation application
LMR Eakins, DE Eakins, CD Richards, MG Norton, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 751, 139-144 , 2003
4 2003
Fracture Behavior of Thin Film PZT on Silicon MEMS and Membranes
AL Olson, JL Skinner, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 750, 605-610 , 2003
  2003
Turbulence Modulation in an Initially Quiescent Two-Phase Flow at High Volume Fractions Using Stereoscopic PIV
NR Stoddard, CD Richards, CT Crowe, TR Troutt
ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference, 2309-2320 , 2003
  2003
Optimization of a Piezoelectric Membrane Generator for MEMS Power
J Skinner, C Richards, A Olson, R Richards, D Bahr
TECHNICAL PAPERS-SOCIETY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERS-ALL SERIES- , 2003
  2003
Operation and Testing of a Micro Heat Engine
S Whalen, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Nanotech , 2003
1 2003
Electromechanical Behavior in Micromachined Piezoelectric Membranes
MC Robinson, JC Raupp, I Demir, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MRS Proceedings 782, A5. 33 , 2003
  2003
The Mechanical behavior of a micromachined PZT membrane
I Demir, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 241-245 , 2003
1 2003

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