Washington State University

Robert F. Richards - Professor

The School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Robert F. Richards - Professor

Interdisciplinary Excellence Built On World-Class Knowledge

portrait
Robert F. Richards

Contact Information:

office EE/ME 149
telephone 509 335 8157
e-mail richards@mme.wsu.edu
Postal mail Robert F. Richards
School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Washington State University
PO BOX 642920
Pullman, WA 99164-2920

Joined MME in 1992;
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from University of California at Irvine in 1990

Research Interests:

  • Heat transfer
  • Thermodynamics
  • Micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS)

Recent Publications:

  • Shamus Fanhe Meng, Franco Spadoni, Angelo Ivory, Robert Richards, “Very Low Cost Thermofluid Experiments via Vacuum Formed Plastic Hardware for Active Learning in the Classroom, iCEER2014, Hamilton, Ontario, Aug. 23-26, 2014
  • Kevin Clarke Muftah Elsahati, Robert Richards, “Experimental Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticle Packed Beds,” ASME IMECE2013-64979, San Diego, CA, Nov. 15-21, 2013.
  • R.F. Richards, “Low-Cost, Hands-On Thermal and Fluid Experiments,” Frontiers of Engineering Education Symposium, National Academy of Engineering, Irvine, CA, Oct. 27-30, 2013.
  • H. Lee, C.D. Richards, R.F. Richards, "Experimental and Numerical Study of Microchannel Heater/Evaporators for Thermal Phase-Change Actuators", Sensors and Actuators A, DOI 10.1016/j.sna.2013.02.004, 2013.
  • A. Hamdan, F. Sahli, R Richards and C Richards, "Characterization of a dielectric microdroplet thermal interface material with dispersed nanoparticles", J. Nanoparticle Res., Vol. 14, no 9 DOI 10.1007/s11051-012-111-1, 2012
  • L. W. Weiss, C.D. Richards, R.F. Richards, "Power output and force generation by a MEMS phase change actuator", JMEMS, vol. 20, no. 6. Dec., 2011
  • A Hamdan, R Richards and C Richards, "Characterization of a liquid-metal microdroplets thermal interface material", Experimental and Thermal Fluid Science, DOI: 0.1016/j.expthermflusci.2011.04.012, 2011
  • A.R. McLanahan, C. Richards, R. Richards, "A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuation", J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, 21, 104009, 2011

Publications listed at Google Scholar:

First 100 Titles in date order:
List format:
 Title (Link to document)
 Authors
 Source Publication
Cited by Year
Thermal conductivity of copper and silica nanoparticle packed beds
M Elsahati, K Clarke, R Richards
International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 71, 96-100 , 2016
  2016
A remote access laboratory for fluids education in mechanical engineering
G Ellis, R Richards, C Richards
iCEER, Hamilton, Quebec , 2014
  2014
Experimental Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticle Packed Beds
K Clarke, M Elsahati, RF Richards
ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition ... , 2013
1 2013
Experimental and numerical study of microchannel heater/evaporators for thermal phase-change actuators
HK Lee, CD Richards, RF Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 195, 7-20 , 2013
3 2013
4000-FRACTURE OF PIEZOELECTRIC MEMS STRUCTURES
DF Bahr, AL Olson, MS Kennedy, KR Morasch, CD Richards, RF Richards
ICF11, Italy 2005 , 2013
  2013
Characterization of a dielectric microdroplet thermal interface material with dispersed nanoparticles
A Hamdan, F Sahli, R Richards, C Richards
Journal of Nanoparticle Research 14 (9), 1-8 , 2012
2 2012
Characterization of the thermodynamic cycle of a MEMS-based external combustion resonant engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Microsystem technologies 18 (6), 693-701 , 2012
1 2012
Power output force generation by a mems phase change actuator
LW Weiss, CD Richards, RF Richards
Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of 20 (6), 1287-1297 , 2011
16 2011
Characterization of a liquid–metal microdroplet thermal interface material
A Hamdan, A McLanahan, R Richards, C Richards
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 35 (7), 1250-1254 , 2011
14 2011
A dielectric liquid contact thermal switch with electrowetting actuation
AR McLanahan, CD Richards, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 21 (10), 104009 , 2011
10 2011
MEMS-based resonant heat engine: scaling analysis
H Bardaweel, BS Preetham, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Microsystem technologies 17 (8), 1251-1261 , 2011
5 2011
Cyclic operation of a MEMS-based resonant micro heat engine: experiment and model
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
Journal of applied physics 107 (10), 104901 , 2010
13 2010
AC 2010-213: DEVELOPING MICROFABRICATION CAPABILITIES ACROSS THE AMERICAS: A CASE STUDY
MJ Yanez, E Gramsch, R Santander, C Richards, R Richards
age 15, 1 , 2010
  2010
Developing Microfabrication Capabilities across the Americas: A Chilean- US Case Study
MJ Yanez, E Gramsch, R Santander, C Richards, R Richards
American Society for Engineering Education , 2010
  2010
Development of Scaling Model for A MEMS-Based Micro Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, BS Preetham, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 137-142 , 2010
  2010
A Resonant Air-Standard Heat Engine
C Richards, R Richards, H Bardaweel, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 1009 ... , 2010
1 2010
On The Thermodynamic Cycle of A MEMS-Based External Combustion Resonant Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 993-998 , 2010
  2010
Demonstration of an external combustion micro-heat engine
JH Cho, CS Lin, CD Richards, RF Richards, J Ahn, PD Ronney
Proceedings of the combustion institute 32 (2), 3099-3105 , 2009
32 2009
Evaluation of a thermal interface material fabricated using thermocompression bonding of carbon nanotube turf
A Hamdan, J Cho, R Johnson, J Jiao, D Bahr, R Richards, C Richards
Nanotechnology 21 (1), 015702 , 2009
31 2009
Characterization and modeling of the dynamic behavior of a liquid–vapor phase change actuator
HK Bardaweel, MJ Anderson, LW Weiss, RF Richards, CD Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: physical 149 (2), 284-291 , 2009
13 2009
Thermocompression bonding of vertically aligned carbon nanotube turfs to metalized substrates
RD Johnson, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, D McClain, J Green, ...
Nanotechnology 20 (6), 065703 , 2009
38 2009
Resonant Versus Sub-Resonant Operation of a MEMS Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 335-339 , 2009
  2009
Thermodynamic characterization and scaling of a MEMS heat engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, M Anderson, C Richards
Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology ... , 2009
1 2009
Optimization of the dynamic and thermal performance of a resonant micro heat engine
HK Bardaweel, MJ Anderson, RF Richards, CD Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 18 (10), 104014 , 2008
12 2008
Evaluation of contacts for a MEMS thermal switch
J Cho, C Richards, D Bahr, J Jiao, R Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 18 (10), 105012 , 2008
32 2008
Thermal switch, methods of use and manufacturing methods for same
RF Richards, DF Bahr, C Richards
US Patent 7,411,792 , 2008
25 2008
A facility for characterizing the steady-state and dynamic thermal performance of microelectromechanical system thermal switches
JH Cho, CD Richards, RF Richards
Review of Scientific Instruments 79 (3), 034901 , 2008
14 2008
Lumped Parameter Analysis of an Enclosed Incompressible Squeeze Film and a Central Gas Bubble
M Anderson, C Richards, R Richards, D Bahr
Journal of Fluids Engineering 130 (2), 021303 , 2008
1 2008
Characterization of a Resonant MEMS Heat Engine
H Bardaweel, R Richards, C Richards, M Anderson
ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 381-386 , 2008
  2008
Design and development of metal–polymer film systems for flexible electrodes used in cortical mapping
JD Yeager, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, DM Rector
Medical Device Materials IV: Proceedings of the Materials & Processes for ... , 2008
1 2008
Power production by a dynamic micro heat engine with an integrated thermal switch
JH Cho, LW Weiss, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 17, S217 , 2007
45 2007
Piezoelectric micro-transducers, methods of use and manufacturing methods for same
RF Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
US Patent 7,235,914 , 2007
34 * 2007
Electrostatic shielding in patterned carbon nanotube field emission arrays
D McClain, J Wu, N Tavan, J Jiao, CM McCarter, RF Richards, ...
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111 (20), 7514-7520 , 2007
20 2007
Characterization and modeling of a microcapillary driven liquid–vapor phase-change membrane actuator
SA Whalen, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 134 (1), 201-212 , 2007
16 2007
Development of noncontact spring constant measurement and deflection characterization of piezoelectric devices
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Journal of applied physics 101 (4), 044104 , 2007
1 2007
Mechanical behavior of a carbon nanotube turf
SD Mesarovic, CM McCarter, DF Bahr, H Radhakrishnan, RF Richards, ...
Scripta materialia 56 (2), 157-160 , 2007
80 2007
Fabrication and characterization of a thermal switch
J Cho, T Wiser, C Richards, D Bahr, R Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 133 (1), 55-63 , 2007
40 2007
Mechanical-to-Electrical Energy Conversion of Thin-Film Piezoelectric Diaphragms
DJ Morris, MC Robinson, LW Weiss, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 973, 79 , 2007
  2007
Experimental and numerical study of evaporating flow heat transfer in micro-channel
HK Lee, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 447-454 , 2007
4 2007
Failure Pzt Thin Films in Mems
DF Bahr, DJ Morris, MC Robinson, AL Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards
Experimental Analysis of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures, 571-572 , 2007
  2007
The effect of design and process parameters on electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane
O Al-Hattamleh, J Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of 15 (6), 1715-1725 , 2006
9 2006
Mechanical compliance of photolithographically defined vertically aligned carbon nanotube turf
CM McCarter, RF Richards, SD Mesarovic, CD Richards, DF Bahr, ...
Journal of materials science 41 (23), 7872-7878 , 2006
71 2006
Structural and electrical characterization of PZT on gold for micromachined piezoelectric membranes
MC Robinson, DJ Morris, PD Hayenga, JH Cho, CD Richards, ...
Applied Physics A 85 (2), 135-140 , 2006
17 2006
5E-5 Generated Power Characterization of Piezoelectrics with Electromechanical Coupling Coefficient and Quality Factor
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, MJ Anderson
Ultrasonics Symposium, 2006. IEEE, 485-488 , 2006
2 2006
Efficiency of energy conversion by piezoelectrics
JH Cho, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, MJ Anderson
Applied physics letters 89 (10), 4107 , 2006
42 2006
Characterization of a dynamic micro heat engine with integrated thermal switch
LW Weiss, JH Cho, KE McNeil, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 16 (9), S262 , 2006
35 2006
Electron Microscopy Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Electrical and Mechanical Test Structures
D McClain, J Jiao, C McCarter, D Bahr, C Richards, R Richards
Microscopy and Microanalysis 12 (S02), 680 , 2006
  2006
A MEMS fabricated flexible electrode array for recording surface field potentials
BA Hollenberg, CD Richards, R Richards, DF Bahr, DM Rector
Journal of neuroscience methods 153 (1), 147-153 , 2006
65 2006
The Heat Pulse Porpagations in Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
T Kim, M Osman, C Richards, R Richards, D Bahr
APS Northwest Section Meeting Abstracts 1, 1010 , 2006
  2006
Nonlinear vibrations of a pre-stressed laminated thin plate
OI Crabtree, SD Mesarovic, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
International journal of mechanical sciences 48 (4), 451-459 , 2006
7 2006
Mechanical-to-Electrical Energy Conversion of Thin-Film Piezoelectric Diaphragms
DJ Morris, MC Robinson, LW Weiss, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MRS Proceedings 973, 0973-BB06-04 , 2006
  2006
Dynamic Operation of a MEMS Thermal Switch
JH Cho, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards, J Jiao
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 655-660 , 2006
2 2006
A MEMS-Based Micro Heat Engine With Integrated Thermal Switch
LW Weiss, JH Cho, DJ Morris, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 25-29 , 2006
4 2006
A Comparison of piezoelectric materials for MEMS power generation
H Bardaweel, O Al Hattamleh, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Proceedings of the 6th international workshop on micro and nanotechnology ... , 2006
5 2006
Design and characterization of a MEMS thermal switch
JH Cho, CD Richards, J Jiao, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Workshop 2006 (Hilton Head ... , 2006
5 2006
IMECE2006-15587 Experimental and Numerical Study of Evaporative Heat Transfer From Ten-Micron Microchannels
H Lee, TA Quy, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME-PUBLICATIONS-HTD 377 (2), 371 , 2006
  2006
Experimental and Numerical Study of Evaporative Heat Transfer From Ten-Micro Microchannels
H Lee, TA Quy, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 371-375 , 2006
2 2006
Fracture of piezoelectric MEMS structures
DF Bahr, AL Olson, MS Kennedy, KR Morasch, CD Richards, RF Richards
Proc. 11th International Conference on Fracture-ICF11, Turin, Italy , 2005
3 2005
A comparison of piezoelectric and electrostatic electromechanical coupling for ultrasonic transduction and power generation
MJ Anderson, JH Cho, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Ultrasonics Symposium, 2005 IEEE 2, 950-955 , 2005
4 2005
Optimization of electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane: II. Experiment
J Cho, M Anderson, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 15 (10), 1804 , 2005
65 2005
Optimization of electromechanical coupling for a thin-film PZT membrane: I. Modeling
J Cho, M Anderson, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 15 (10), 1797 , 2005
71 2005
Synthesis and Microanalysis of Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays
D McClain, L Dong, C Pan, J Jiao, C McCarter, D Bahr, C Richards, ...
Microscopy and Microanalysis 11 (S02), 1920-1921 , 2005
4 2005
Characterization and modeling of a liquid-vapor phase change membrane actuator with an integrated SU-8 micro capillary wicking structure
SA Whalen, SY Won, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 2005. Digest of Technical ... , 2005
2 2005
Molecular dynamics of heat pulse propagation in single and multi wall nanotube
T Kim, M Osman, C Richards, D Bahr, R Richards
Bulletin of the American Physical Society , 2005
  2005
Characterization and modeling of a liquid-vapor phase change membrane actuator with integrated SU-8 micro capillary wicking structure.
R Richards, SY Won, S Whalen, C Richards, DF Bahr
Sandia National Laboratories , 2005
  2005
Fabrication Methods for Improved Electromechanical Behavior in Piezoelectric Membranes
MC Robinson, PD Hayenga, JH Cho, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 872, 419 , 2005
  2005
Evaporative Heat Transfer from Ten-Micron Micro-Channels
TA Quy, DA Carpenter, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 707-710 , 2005
3 2005
Characterization of an external combustion dynamic micro heat engine
LW Weiss, KE McNeil, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
PowerMEMS Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, 29-32 , 2005
1 2005
Effect of diameter on electron field emission of carbon nanotube bundles
D McClain, M DeRoss, N Tavan, J Jiao, CM McCarter, RF Richards, ...
MRS Proceedings 901, 0901-Ra16-52-Rb16-52 , 2005
5 2005
Characterization of a liquid–vapor phase-change actuator
SA Whalen, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 751-761 , 2005
5 2005
Integration of Carbon Nanotubes with MEMS Through Standard Photolithographic Techniques
CM McCarter, DF Bahr, RF Richards, CD Ricahrds, D McClain, J Jiao
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-ASSOCIATION FOR IRON AND STEEL TECHNOLOGY- 3, 7 , 2005
  2005
Effect of Diameter on Electron Field Emission of Carbon Nanotube Bundles
D Bahr, M DeRoss, J Jiao, C McCarter, D McClain, S Mesarovic, ...
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 901, 251 , 2005
  2005
Micro-Transducer and Thermal Switch for Same
R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
US Patent App. 10/579,145 , 2004
12 2004
High strain behavior of composite thin film piezoelectric membranes
I Demir, AL Olson, JL Skinner, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Microelectronic engineering 75 (1), 12-23 , 2004
26 2004
Fracture and residual stress in piezoelectric thin films for MEMS
DF Bahr, MM Kennedy, MC Robinson, KE Shafer, CD Richards, ...
Advanced Materials for Energy Conversion II , 2004
  2004
Efficiency of energy conversion for devices containing a piezoelectric component
CD Richards, MJ Anderson, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 14, 717 , 2004
191 2004
Analysis of micromachined PZT membranes for MEMS power
JH Cho, MJ Anderson, DF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
Proceedings of Nanotech’04 1, 382-385 , 2004
2 2004
Optimization of film stresses utilized in composite piezoelectric membrane microgenerators
MS Kennedy, M Zosel, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr, KW Hipps, ...
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 795, 503-508 , 2004
7 2004
Efficiency Characterization of Piezoelectrics for Power
JH Cho, JC Raupp, PD Hayenga, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards, ...
ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 17-22 , 2004
  2004
Spatially dependent mechanical properties of rat whiskers for tactile sensing
EK Herzog, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards, DM Rector
MRS Proceedings 844, Y3. 6/R3. 6 , 2004
4 2004
Numerical Modeling of a Nonlinear MEMS Membrane
OI Crabtree, SD Mesarovic, I Demir, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 243-250 , 2004
  2004
Microstructural characterization and mechanical reliability of interfaces in piezoelectric based microelectromechanical systems
LMR Eakins, BW Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Thin Solid Films 441 (1), 180-186 , 2003
10 2003
Influence of structure and chemistry on piezoelectric properties of lead zirconate titanate in a microelectromechanical systems power generation application
LMR Eakins, BW Olson, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
Journal of materials research 18 (09), 2079-2086 , 2003
12 2003
Fabrication and characterization of a liquid-metal micro-droplet thermal switch
AO Christensen, JP Jacob, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
TRANSDUCERS, Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, 12th ... , 2003
10 2003
Design, fabrication and testing of the P 3 micro heat engine
S Whalen, M Thompson, D Bahr, C Richards, R Richards
Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 104 (3), 290-298 , 2003
164 2003
Residual stress control to optimize PZT MEMS performance
MS Kennedy, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 741, 163-168 , 2003
3 2003
Influence of structure and chemistry on piezoelectric properties of PZT in a MEMS power generation application
LMR Eakins, DE Eakins, CD Richards, MG Norton, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 751, 139-144 , 2003
4 2003
Fracture Behavior of Thin Film PZT on Silicon MEMS and Membranes
AL Olson, JL Skinner, DF Bahr, CD Richards, RF Richards
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS 750, 605-610 , 2003
1 2003
Optimization of a Piezoelectric Membrane Generator for MEMS Power
J Skinner, C Richards, A Olson, R Richards, D Bahr
TECHNICAL PAPERS-SOCIETY OF MANUFACTURING ENGINEERS-ALL SERIES- , 2003
  2003
Operation and Testing of a Micro Heat Engine
S Whalen, R Richards, D Bahr, C Richards
Nanotech , 2003
1 2003
The Mechanical behavior of a micromachined PZT membrane
I Demir, RF Richards, DF Bahr, CD Richards
ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 241-245 , 2003
1 2003
Fabrication and Characterization of a Liquid-Metal Micro-Droplet Array for Use as a Thermal Switch
AO Christensen, JP Jacob, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
HT2003-47317, Proceedings ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Las Vegas ... , 2003
4 2003
Characterization of the Thermodynamic Working Cycle in a MEMS-Based Micro Heat Engine
SA Whalen, LW Weiss, CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
Proc. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 15-21 , 2003
1 2003
Electromechanical Behavior in Micromachined Piezoelectric Membranes
MC Robinson, JC Raupp, I Demir, CD Richards, RF Richards, DF Bahr
MRS Proceedings 782, A5. 33 , 2003
  2003
A Micro Heat Engine for MEMS Power
CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division ... , 2002
6 2002
A facility for characterizing the dynamic mechanical behavior of thin membranes for microelectromechanical systems
JD Hall, NE Apperson, BT Crozier, C Xu, RF Richards, DF Bahr, ...
Review of scientific instruments 73 (5), 2067-2072 , 2002
30 2002
IMECE2002-39385 A Micro Heat Engine for MEMS Power (Keynote Paper)
CD Richards, DF Bahr, RF Richards
ASME-PUBLICATIONS-FED 258, 501-512 , 2002
  2002
Integrity of Individual Development: Watering Down the IDA
R Richards
Geo. J. Gender & L. 4, 919 , 2002
3 2002
Piping System Structural Integrity Simulation for Post LOCA Water Hammer Loads
BW Manning, T Stevens, G Morandin, RG Sauvé, R Richards, S Mantro, ...
ASME 2002 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, 91-103 , 2002
  2002
PVP2002-1292 Piping System Structural Integrity Simulation for Post LOCA Water Hammer Loads
BW Manning, T Stevens, G Morandin, RG Sauve, R Richards, S Mantro, ...
ASME-PUBLICATIONS-PVP 441, 91-104 , 2002
  2002

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