Washington State University

Lloyd V. Smith - Professor

The School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Lloyd V. Smith - Professor

Interdisciplinary Excellence Built On World-Class Knowledge

portrait
Lloyd V. Smith

Contact Information:

office EE/ME 155
telephone 509 335 3221
e-mail smith@mme.wsu.edu
Postal mail Lloyd V. Smith
School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Washington State University
PO BOX 642920
Pullman, WA 99164-2920

Joined MME in 1996;
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from University of Utah in 1994

Research Interests:

  • Composite Materials:
    • multi-axial characterization
    • damage and failure modeling
    • environmental degradation
  • Sports Science
    • experimental bat and ball performance
    • numeric modeling of sport ball impacts
    • protective equipment and head injury

Recent Publications:

  • Smith, L. V., 2014. “Hygrothermal Effects of Baseballs and Softballs,” Journal of Sports Engineering, 17.3:123-130.
  • Smith, L. V., Kensrud, J. 2014. “Field and Laboratory Measurements of Softball Player Swing Speed,” Journal of Sports Engineering, 17:75-82.
  • Siva P. Pilli, Lloyd V. Smith, Shutthanandan Vaithiyalingam, 2014. "MEASURING TIME DEPENDENT DIFFUSION IN POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES," Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, 18.4:633-641.
  • Salavatian, M., Smith, L. V. 2013. “The effect of transverse damage on the shear response of fiber reinforced laminates,” Composites Science and Technology, 95:44-49.
  • Burbank, S. D., Smith, L. V., 2012. “Dynamic Characterization of Rigid Polyurethane Foam Used in Sports Balls,” Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, 226:77-85.

Publications listed at Google Scholar:

First 100 Titles in date order
List format:
 Title (Link to document)
 Authors
 Source Publication
Cited by Year
Evaluation of Catcher Mask Impacts
P Schwizer, M Demierre, LV Smith
Procedia Engineering 147, 228-233 , 2016
  2016
Field Evaluation of a Small Form-factor Head Impact Sensor for use in Soccer
D Nevins, K Hildenbrand, J Kensrud, A Vasavada, L Smith
Procedia Engineering 147, 186-190 , 2016
  2016
Measuring the accuracy of softball impact simulations
L Smith, D Nevins, NT Dat, P Fua
Sports Engineering 19 (4), 265-272 , 2016
  2016
Oblique Collisions of Baseballs and Softballs with a Bat
JR Kensrud, AM Nathan, LV Smith
arXiv preprint arXiv:1610.03464 , 2016
  2016
A novel experimental technique for biaxial testing of a composite laminate with matrix damage
M Salavatian, LV Smith
Journal of Composite Materials 50 (20), 2783-2792 , 2016
  2016
On-field Head Impact Exposure in Boys and Girls High School Soccer: 131 June 1, 9: 45 AM-10: 00 AM.
K Hildenbrand, A Vasavada, D Nevins, J Kensrud, L Smith
Medicine and science in sports and exercise 48 (5 Suppl 1), 18 , 2016
  2016
On-field Head Impact Exposure in Boys and Girls High School Soccer
K Hildenbrand, A Vasavada, D Nevins, J Kensrud, L Smith
  2016
Investigation of the Fiber Reinforced Laminates Stiffness Reduction Due to Internal Defects and Matrix Cracks
M SALAVATIAN, LV SMITH
American Society of Composites-30th Technical Conference , 2015
  2015
An investigation of matrix damage in composite laminates using continuum damage mechanics
M Salavatian, LV Smith
Composite Structures 131, 565-573 , 2015
1 2015
Relating baseball seam height to carry distance
JR Kensrud, LV Smith, A Nathan, D Nevins
Procedia Engineering 112, 406-411 , 2015
1 2015
Numerical Simulation of the Ice Hockey Slap Shot
B Kays, L Smith
Procedia Engineering 112, 22-27 , 2015
  2015
Laboratory evaluation of wireless head impact sensor
D Nevins, L Smith, J Kensrud
Procedia Engineering 112, 175-179 , 2015
4 2015
An improved analytical model for shear modulus of fiber reinforced laminates with damage
M Salavatian, L Smith
Composites Science and Technology 105, 9-14 , 2014
5 2014
Measuring time-dependent diffusion in polymer matrix composites
SP Pilli, LV Smith, S Vaithiyalingam
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials 18 (4), 633-641 , 2014
  2014
Hygrothermal effects of baseballs and softballs
LV Smith
Sports Engineering 17 (3), 123-130 , 2014
1 2014
Field and laboratory measurements of softball player swing speed and bat performance
L Smith, J Kensrud
Sports Engineering 17 (2), 75-82 , 2014
5 2014
The effect of transverse damage on the shear response of fiber reinforced laminates
M Salavatian, LV Smith
Composites Science and Technology 95, 44-49 , 2014
9 2014
Durability of Bonded Aerospace Structures
L Smith, H Scarborough
  2014
Another chapter for Sports Engineering
L Smith
Sports Engineering 17 (1), 1-1 , 2014
  2014
Field Measurements of Ice Hockey Stick Performance and Player Motion
B Kays, L Smith
Procedia Engineering 72, 563-568 , 2014
1 2014
Head impact response to simulated ball-to-head collisions
D Nevins, L Smith
Procedia engineering 72, 545-550 , 2014
  2014
Spin from oblique impact of batted sports balls
JR Kensrud, LV Smith
Procedia Engineering 60, 130-135 , 2013
2 2013
Influence of ball properties on simulated ball-to-head impacts
D Nevins, L Smith
Procedia engineering 60, 4-9 , 2013
6 2013
Simulating Sport Ball Impact Through Material Characterization
L Smith, S Burbank
Procedia Engineering 60, 73-78 , 2013
1 2013
An experimental study of baseballs and softballs
F Alam, H Chowdhury, N Husni, L Smith
Procedia Engineering 60, 467-472 , 2013
  2013
Shear modulus degradation in fiber reinforced laminates
M Salavatian, LV Smith
ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition ... , 2013
2 2013
MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF BASEBALL AND SOFTBALL BATS
L Smith
Routledge Handbook of Sports Technology and Engineering , 2013
  2013
The mutual effects of shear and transverse damage in polymeric composites
LV Smith, M Salavatian
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Composite Materials ... , 2013
2 2013
A Comparative Study of Baseball and Softball Aerodynamics
F Alam, V Djamovski, H Chowdhury, LV Smith, S Watkins, A Subicš
  2012
Matrix damage in composite pressure vessels with a bias fiber orientation
M Salavatian, LV Smith
Journal of Composite Materials 46 (22), 2793-2802 , 2012
2 2012
The Effect of Pressure on Moisture Diffusion in Polymer Matrix Composites
SP Pilli, LV Smith
International Journal of Thermophysics 33 (8-9), 1715-1725 , 2012
3 2012
Dynamic characterization of rigid foam used in finite element sports ball simulations
SD Burbank, LV Smith
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of ... , 2012
9 2012
Drag on sports balls using Doppler radar
J a son Martin, LV Smith, JR Kensrud
  2012
Field measurements of softball player swing speed
L Smith, S Burbank, J Kensrud, J Martin
Procedia Engineering 34, 538-543 , 2012
6 2012
Drag on sports balls using Doppler radar
J Martin, LV Smith, JR Kensrud
Procedia Engineering 34, 134-139 , 2012
  2012
A study of baseball and softball aerodynamics
F Alam, H Ho, L Smith, A Subic, H Chowdhury, A Kumar
Procedia Engineering 34, 86-91 , 2012
8 2012
A comparative study of baseball bat performance
AM Nathan, JJ Crisco, RM Greenwald, DA Russell, LV Smith
Sports Engineering 13 (4), 153 , 2011
8 2011
Corked bats, juiced balls, and humidors: The physics of cheating in baseball
AM Nathan, LV Smith, WL Faber, DA Russell
American Journal of Physics 79 (6), 575-580 , 2011
7 2011
Reducing the effect of the ball on bat performance measurements
AM Nathan, LV Smith, WL Faber
Sports Technology 4 (1-2), 13-18 , 2011
7 2011
Measuring Time Dependent Diffusion in Polymer Matrix Composites
SP Pilli, V Shutthanandan, LV Smith
Time Dependent Constitutive Behavior and Fracture/Failure Processes, Volume ... , 2011
1 2011
The effect of temperature and humidity on the performance of baseballs and softballs
L Smith, W Faber
Procedia Engineering 13, 200-206 , 2011
1 2011
In situ lift measurement of sports balls
JR Kensrud, LV Smith
Procedia Engineering 13, 278-283 , 2011
3 2011
In situ drag measurements of sports balls
JR Kensrud, LV Smith
Procedia Engineering 2 (2), 2437-2442 , 2010
14 2010
Impact response of sports materials
A Bryson, L Smith
Procedia Engineering 2 (2), 2961-2966 , 2010
5 2010
Describing the strength of fiber reinforced pressure vessels
LV Smith, M Salavatian
Proceedings of the 2010 SAMPE conference, Seattle, WA, 18-20 , 2010
3 2010
A study of vehicle ride performance using a quarter car model and half car model
F Alam, A Faheem, R Jazar, LV Smith
ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 337-341 , 2010
1 2010
ENGINEERING OUR FAVORITE PASTIME
L SMITH, J SHERWOOD
Mechanical engineering 132 (4), 44-48 , 2010
1 2010
EFFECT OF BALL PROPERTIES ON THE BALL-BAT COEFFICIENT OF RESTITUTION
AM Nathan, LV Smith
2 2010
A novel accelerated moisture absorption test and characterization
SP Pilli, KL Simmons, JD Holbery, V Shutthanandan, PB Stickler, ...
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 40 (9), 1501-1505 , 2009
16 2009
Progress and challenges in numerically modelling solid sports balls with application to softballs
LV Smith, JG Duris
Journal of sports sciences 27 (4), 353-360 , 2009
23 2009
Experimental characterization of ice hockey pucks and sticks
R Bigford, L Smith
Fifth International Symposium on Safety in Ice Hockey , 2009
3 2009
Describing the Performance of Cricket Bats and Balls
H Singh, LV Smith
Washington State University Conference , 2008
1 2008
An Examination of Cricket Bat Performance (P92)
L Smith, H Singh
The Engineering of Sport 7, 475-482 , 2008
11 2008
Identifying altered softball bats and their effect on performance
LV Smith, CM Cruz
Sports Technology 1 (4‐5), 196-201 , 2008
10 2008
Progress in measuring the performance of baseball and softball bats
L Smith
Sports Technology 1 (6), 291-299 , 2008
12 2008
Measuring the hardness of softballs
LV Smith
IMACXXVI, Orlando , 2008
5 2008
Describing the plastic deformation of aluminium softball bats
E Biesen, L Smith
Sports Engineering 10 (4), 185-193 , 2007
4 2007
A mechanistic model describing the degradation of polymers
R Mahadevan, L Smith
Journal of Polymers and the Environment 15 (2), 75-80 , 2007
6 2007
Describing the dynamic response of softballs
L Smith, J Duris, A Nathan
Society for Experimental Mechanics , 2007
22 * 2007
The Influence of Non-Traditional Composite Laminates on Open-Hole Tension Strength
DP Stone, LV Smith, A Kothidar
ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 757-762 , 2007
  2007
Elastic properties of wood-strand composites with undulating strands
V Yadama, MP Wolcott, LV Smith
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 37 (3), 385-392 , 2006
13 2006
Rigid wall effects on softball coefficient of restitution measurements
L Smith, A Ison
The Engineering of Sport 6, 29-34 , 2006
2 2006
The dependence of bat performance on ball properties
LV Smith, JG Duris, A Nathan
IMAC-XXIV, St. Louis , 2006
2 2006
A linear finite element model to predict processing-induced distortion in FRP laminates
SK Bapanapalli, LV Smith
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 36 (12), 1666-1674 , 2005
35 2005
The Effect of Surface Treatment on the Degradation of Composite Adhesives
L Smith, P Pothakamuri
JAMS Technical Review Presentation. Wichita, KS , 2005
2 2005
How bat modifications can affect their response
LV Smith, CM Cruz, AM Nathan, DA Russell
The impact of technology on sport. APCST, Tokyo, 33-38 , 2005
8 2005
Nonlinear viscoelastic response of a wood–plastic composite including temperature effects
DJ Pooler, LV Smith
Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 17 (5), 427-445 , 2004
34 2004
Optimal fiber orientation for fiber reinforced pressure vessels
M Shultz, LV Smith
2004 SEM Annual Conference and Exposition of Experimental and Applied ... , 2004
6 2004
The effect of tool-part interac-tions on the geometry of laminated eomposites
SK Bapanapalli, LV Smith
2003 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied ... , 2004
1 2004
Evaluating test methods used to characterize softballs
J Duris, LV Smith
Proceedings of ISEA2004, 1-8 , 2004
10 2004
The physics of the trampoline effect in baseball and softball bats
AM Nathan, DA Russell, LV Smith
The Engineering of Sport 5 (2) , 2004
32 2004
Mechanical testing of baseball bats
LV Smith, JT Axtell
Journal of testing and evaluation 31 (3), 1-5 , 2003
6 2003
Methods and apparatus for molding composite materials
LV Smith, LV Smith
US Patent 6,533,985 , 2003
17 2003
A study of softball player swing speed
L Smith, J Broker, A Nathan
Sports Dynamics Discovery and Application, 12-17 , 2003
45 2003
Isolating components of processing induced warpage in laminated composites
DA Darrow, LV Smith
Journal of composite materials 36 (21), 2407-2419 , 2002
66 2002
Evaluating baseball bat performance
LV Smith
Sports Engineering 4 (4), 205-214 , 2001
32 2001
Performance assessment of wood, metal and composite baseball bats
MM Shenoy, LV Smith, JT Axtell
Composite Structures 52 (3), 397-404 , 2001
44 2001
Evaluating the spring-in phenomenon of polymer matrix composites
D Darrow, L Smith
33 rd International SAMPE Technical Conference, 326-337 , 2001
9 2001
Effects of moisture on the durability of a wood/thermoplastic composite
SV Rangaraj, LV Smith
Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 13 (2), 140 , 2000
79 2000
Effect of composite reinforcement on the durability of wood baseball bats
JT Axtell, LV Smith, MM Shenoy
International SAMPE technical conference 32, 687-697 , 2000
6 2000
Simulated composite baseball bat impacts using numerical and experimental techniques
LV Smith, M Shenoy, JT Axtell
Society for Experimental Mechanics, Spring Conference , 2000
9 2000
The nonlinearly viscoelastic response of a wood-thermoplastic composite
SV Rangaraj, LV Smith
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials 3 (2), 125-139 , 1999
26 1999
The visco-damage mechanical response of swirl-mat composites
LV Smith, YJ Weitsman
international Journal of Fracture 97 (1-4), 301-319 , 1999
25 1999
Durability of wood-thermoplastic composites in a simulated marine environment
SV Rangaraj, LV Smith
Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc, Proceedings of the SEM Annual ... , 1999
  1999
A Dynamic finite element analysis of wood baseball bats
LV Smith, JC Hermanson, S Rangaraj, DA Bender
ASME-PUBLICATIONS-BED 42, 629-630 , 1999
1 1999
Examination of Factors that Influence the Strength of Textile Composites
LV Smith
PROCEEDINGS OF THE SEM SPRING CONFERENCE ON EXPERIMENTAL MECHANICS, 11-13 , 1998
  1998
Inelastic behavior of randomly reinforced polymeric composites under cyclic loading
LV Smith, YJ Weitsman
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials 1 (3), 293-305 , 1997
16 1997
Design of a cylindrical specimen for biaxial testing of composite materials
LV Smith, SR Swanson
Journal of reinforced plastics and composites 16 (6), 550-565 , 1997
6 1997
The mechanical behaviour of swirl-mat composites
YJ Weitsman, LV Smith
30 th ISATA. Materials for Energy-Efficient Vehicles, 399-406 , 1997
  1997
The immersed fatigue response of polymer composites
LV Smith, YJ Weitsman
International journal of fracture 82 (1), 31-42 , 1996
44 1996
The immersed fatigue response of polymer composites(1 Oct. 1992- 1 Feb. 1996)
LV SMITH, YJ WEITSMAN
  1996
Effect of architecture on the strength of braided tubes under biaxial tension and compression
SR Swanson
7 1996
Sea water effects on the fatigue response of polymeric composites
LV Smith, YJ Weitsman
A. A. Balkema Publishers, Progress in Durability Analysis of Composite ... , 1996
6 1996
Comparison of the biaxial strength properties of braided and laminated carbon fiber composites
SR Swanson, LV Smith
Composites Part B: Engineering 27 (1), 71-77 , 1996
22 1996
Strength design with 2-D triaxial braid textile composites
LV Smith, SR Swanson
Composites science and technology 56 (3), 359-365 , 1996
27 1996
Failure of Braided Composite Cylinders under Biaxal Tension
LV Smith, SR Swanson
Journal of composite materials 29 (6), 766-784 , 1995
7 1995
Multiaxial Stiffness and Strength Characterization of 2-D Braid Carbon/Epoxy Fiber Composites
SR Swanson, LV Smith
Utah Univ, Mechanics of Textile Composites Conference p 175-249(SEE N 96 ... , 1995
9 1995
Micro-mechanics parameters controlling the strength of braided composites
LV Smith, SR Swanson
Composites science and technology 54 (2), 177-184 , 1995
32 1995
Failure of braided carbon/epoxy composites under biaxial compression
LV Smith, SR Swanson
Journal of composite materials 28 (12), 1158-1178 , 1994
16 1994
An experimental and analytical evaluation of braided composite cylinders under biaxial loading
LV Smith
  1994

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